Pitch

Harmonized worldwide energy production and transmission solution to significantly reduce carbon footprint and secure zero emissions future.

Description

Summary

In order to reduce carbon emissions worldwide, the sources, transmission and topologies of electrical energy have to be rebuilt. Not any single technology will solve the large scale carbon problem, but a worldwide solution of already existing technologies might.

Localized energy production in forms of e.g. wind, solar, wave, tidal and geothermal could be connected into a local microgrid to provide primary energy to the local area. The form of energy can be based on geographical location. During excess energy production, the surplus energy could be stored in local stationary energy stations and consumed whenever the energy source is not producing enough.

A network of interconnected microgrids could feed, and be fed by, a backbone grid capable of power transmission to other countries and even continents. This would require power grid harmonization and should be built using existing, refurbished, AC power grids. New long distance grid sections would be built by using DC transmission networks (800 kV) already being built for example in China, India and in parts of Europe. Submarine cabling would connect continents and countries separated by the sea. The grid would be overseen by intelligent switching stations to provide seamless energy chain and ensure energy availability.

In addition to existing renewable energies, investing in fusion energy and other promising energy sources, even from outer space, would contribute to sustainable energy production. The global re-energizing would also support fully electric public transportation and vehicle technologies making electric vehicles part of local energy resources, also supporting the power grid stability.

All of this would greatly reduce carbon emissions worldwide, but would have to be enforced by the UN for global acceptance. Gradually moving towards a global power grid and harmonized energy scheme through legislation and green energy incentives would ensure energy availability in a cleaner environment for generations to come.

What are the key outcomes and impact of your solution?

The intended primary outcome would be a yearly reduction of 20 % of global carbon emissions.

What actions do you propose to realize your stated goals?

The tools are legislation, incentives and recognizing achievements. A global change cannot be possible without changes in legislation enforced by the highest authorities. Incentives will reduce the gap of acceptance and willingness to implementation, and recognition shows that achievements in reducing emissions are valued, which helps changing the energy mindset.

As the implementation area and target population covers the entire Earth, the local authority should assess the proper renewable energy form and the implementation of a microgrid. Step by step local entities form a larger scale network of energy sources.

Who will take these actions?

All nations have to be involved and education on the subject should be included in every educational programme. UN could be the enforcer and nations provide the legislation. Global harmonization would also ensure compatible components from different power companies and component suppliers reducing the cost of implementation.

Individuals that are known to public could promote the idea and experts from all over the world openly discuss the proposition and contribute to the technical and economical challenges in order to succeed in the project.

This should not be a weapon in politics, but the acceptance from political entities are probably a must to ensure legislation in favor of this solution.

Target geography

First in line, in terms of mature technologies and ease of acceptance, would be Europe, South East Asia (China and Japan) and Australia. Shortly after, North America would follow. Then gradually South America, the rest of Asia and Africa would join in.

The modern nations should lead the transformation in legislation and incentives.

What do you expect are the costs associated with piloting and implementing the solution, and what is your business model?

Piloting could be done in a selected small country with the ability to easily adapt the microgrid-renewable energy concept. The estimated budget is around 500 million US dollars over a period of 4 years. Funding would be gathered from IMF, EU and local governments. Components and infrastructure could also be partly an invest from energy and power company consortiums worldwide.

Once proof-of-concept is done and the main parameters finalized, replication to other location could start and the incremental change in energy architecture could begin. Mainly with already existing technologies, the change is easier to accept by people.

Timeline

Prototype installation including grid-tied stationary energy storages and several solar and wind farms could be piloted in 12 months if proceedings are done with clear instructions.

Within 5 years the main parameters could be drawn from testing the microgrid and the first signs in carbon emission reductions could be already seen.

Related solutions

Many solutions on renewable energies and localization of energy production.

References

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Solution Summary
Re-energized Earth by interconnected microgrids and renewable energies
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By:  JuhoL
Challenge: Fuel: Carbon Contributions
How can individuals and corporations manage and reduce their carbon contributions?