Mit ClimateColab Proposals Portlet Mit ClimateColab Proposals Portlet

This Proposal was moved here from Anticipate, Absorb, Reshape Workspace

Pitch

SNE cools, removes CO2 and ocean acidity, reduces coastal flooding, and creates safe zones without adding a Carbon Tax Burden on the poor!

Description

Summary

As competing global conflicts weigh heavily on the G-20 leaders . . words like "fear and uncertainty" are becoming more common!

Ultimately, Economics emerged as a top issue for many followed by Migration, War, Terrorism, Inequality, & Climate.

( Reference - 1 )

 Anxiety spikes among G-20, an analysis of UN speeches shows..-

World leaders are burdened with the almost impossible task of making fiscal decisions that could help neutralize a global economical collapse . . which if left unchecked could unleash the unbridled chaos where hundreds of millions of lives are hanging in the balance.

                   Eliminating the Carbon Tax Burden on the poor!

( Reference - 2 )  Bill Gates - Carbon tax not right for the US

The following proposal is specifically designed to Economically, help neutralize Global Migration, War, Terrorism, Inequality, and Climate issues until they are replaced by energy produced from CARBON CLEAN INNOVATION.

This solution provides the opportunity to expand the combined total surface 5,651,000 square miles which is the equivalent of adding 2%+ to the total surface of Planet Earth.

SNE (Siphonics Natural Engineering) provides the "KEY" to unlock our global SINKS and provide us access to billions upon billions of tons of limestone calcite and calcium carbonate which reacts with ocean water that is saturated with carbon dioxide to form a soluble calcium bicarbonate which is a . .

                   Safe And Powerful Global Carbon Sink.

The "KEY" is to remove, replace, or usurp any strategic barrier which separates UN-EQUAL Water/Land Levels so that nature can repair and heal itself. 

SNE (Siphonics Natural Engineering ) as a planetary SINK is FISCALLY designed to effectively engage, interact, and utilize our global resources to . .

(A) neutralize sea expansion,

(B) remove CO2 and ocean acidity,

                                 &

(C) creates the humanitarian refugee havens we need to help neutralize the social unrest due to our economical and climate change dilemma.  

What actions do you propose?

A quick overview of our planetary dilemma;

(1) Of all the gases in the atmosphere, water vapor equals (one) percent.

(2) If all of this water in the atmosphere fell to the Earth, it would cover the surface (one) inch.

(3) (90)% of the water that evaporates from the oceans, falls back to the oceans which cover (70)%+ of the planet's surface.

(4) Unfortunately, the other (10)% of the water, still airborne, that evaporated from the oceans will have to fall, cover, and sustain the remaining (30)% of Planet Earth's land mass.

In other words, NATURE by design was working just great until the airborne (10)% which provided us the fresh water we needed to grow our crops,and cool our planet, (especially the (30)% we are living on) was possibly altered and is now no longer available or compatible with those climate patterns many on Planet Earth need for sustenance.     

Air does not hold water. The maximum amount of vapor depends on temperature only.

Everyday most of the (one / third) of the Earth's surface (the hot deserts) absorbs the constant (100+) degrees energy from the sun and heats the atmosphere.

Everyday more heat is absorbed. Everyday more heat is radiated back into the atmosphere and oceans, compounded again and again.     . . . Desertification is on the move . . .                                                                                     .          .

Africa is the world's second largest and most populous continent.

With 1.0 billion people (as of 2009), it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population.

The United Nations recently issued a report that stresses water supplies, aggravated by climate change, are likely to cause more conflicts, and that water should be considered as vital to international security as defense.

Many are desperately reaching out for tangible life-saving solutions to help solve the on-going, day-to-day challenges faced by tens of millions of families trying to survive today in Africa. 

According to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), 49 million people now face extreme hunger issues in southern Africa due to drought worsened by the most severe and longest El Nino weather pattern in 35 years.

Deserts, which consumes approximately (one/third) of the Earth's surface - without water, are bastions for suffering and are basically useless.

It has been estimated that one CSP / Seawater Greenhouse (78 square miles) located on the desert will evaporate approximately one million tons of seawater per day.

The desert around Tucson, Arizona  (USA) receives (12) inches of rain per year. However, this desert has the capacity to evaporate (100+) inches per year.

Eight times more than received.

                                                  *          *

        "THERMAL / EXCHANGE"

(ONE PERCENT) of the land mass and Thermal / Exchange potential of the hot deserts of our world, in combination with seawater, WILL EVAPORATE OVER (252) BILLION TONS OF SEAWATER EVERY 460 DAYS.

This (ONE PERCENT) evaporation process contains the "albedo modification" potential to produce over 9 billion cubic miles of FOG every 460 days. 


The "KEY" is to remove , replace, or usurp any strategic barrier which separates UN-EQUAL Water/Land levels so that nature can repair and heal itself.

When we remove any barrier that blocks the ocean's ability to F-L-O-W into /onto the desert land below sea level, we have the opportunity to create hydration to provide the essentials of low-cost food, water, and low carbon energy for the masses.

SNE can turn barren uninhabited land into crops of saltwater plants of cord grass, pickle weed, salt grass, and others which have evolved mechanisms that will allow them to survive in saline conditions to sustain a large variety of animals.

Pools of saltwater ponds will be able to grow Dutch sea kale, Sargassum muticum, and the Mediterranean sea fish (Tilapia) as they can survive saltwater to (44) parts per thousand.

At night, the evaporation condenses and falls back to Earth where catchments (like fog fences and air wells) collect the atmospheric humidity for human consumption.

The highly saturated air of short duration will cause rain and especially snow and ice on the mountain ranges. This run-off will provide more water for the innocent masses located between latitudes 35 degrees north and 35 degrees south.

                                             *          *

SNE and forced migration;

According to leadership in Europe, only 10 percent of Syrian and Iraqi migrants have reached Europe so far and eight to ten million are still on the way, with even more to come from Africa.

Researchers also believe Africa's population will double in the coming decades.   

The largest (non-polar) desert in the world is the Sahara in North Africa, which spans an area measured at roughly 3.5 million miles.

Africa is the world's second largest and most populous continent.

With 1.0 billion people (as of 2009), it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population.

It is estimated that in the Sahara up to one million people have already died trying to escape the ravages of war and the devastating effects of on-going climate change.

As of this writing, Germany has already absorbed an influx of 1.1 million refugees and has predicted the total number of migrants who will attempt to reach their borders by 2020 could be between five million to ten million.

Today's greatest fear among the masses is that leaders will  fail to understand that simultaneous events of war and climate change will create the domino effect of global chaos.      

                                                  *          *

SNE and CDR (Carbon Dioxide Removal);

Many credible researchers believe that lakes, inland seas, and oceans may have a greater potential for (CDR) than land surfaces. 

For example, diatoms have a great potential for CO2 removal, ocean oxidation, and providing food for other organisms which stimulate the aquatic and marine food-chains in the production of carbon-rich biomass.

The marine biomass production potential can double its mass within one day while a tree can take years to double its biomass.

                                              .         .

SNE and the removal of (CDR) and ocean acidity;


Renoun researcher Olaf Schuiling, a geochemist at Utrecht University in the Netherlands, is a passionate advocate of enhanced weathering  . . whereby common silicate minerals of magnesium - rich olivine & water forms magnesium carbonate and silicate acid, thereby removing and storing carbon.

      ( Reference - 3 )      

Olivine weathering to capture CO2 and counter climate change by R.D. Schuiling

Schuiling firmly believes that we should try to select environments where olivine will weather more quickly . . because in nature  it works 1000 to 10,000 times faster than the number obtained in clean laboratories for the rate of olivine weathering. (emphasis mine) 

Many desert soils contain calcium carbonate, limestone, and dolomite which are natural CO2 traps to help remove and store atmospheric carbon dioxide and the acidity destroying our oceans.

These deserts contain billions upon billions of prominent whitish layers of calcium carbonate called calcic horizons found even in soils where the depth to groundwater sometimes exceeds 330 feet.

These deserts of calcium carbonate reacts with water that is saturated with carbon dioxide and forms soluble bicarbonate.

      ( Reference - 4 )    Enhanced Weathering

This Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) Alkalinization Process efficiently stores carbon dioxide as long as the alkalinity is not removed from the system.

SNE simply provides us the opportunity to remove the barriers to this life-saving  SINK in a safe and responsible operation!

When we understand the 48 contiguous states of America with a combined area of 3,119,884.69 square miles, which equals 1.58% of the total surface area of Earth would easily fit into the 3.5 million square miles of the Sahara Desert . . it becomes easier to recognize we now have the ultimate SINK to rectify many of the major problems we face on Planet Earth today!

SNE . . as a planetary SINK . . has the engineering capacity to absorb coastal flooding and increase the lifesaving effectiveness of safe zones for refugees adding another 100% if needed.

As an example;  

As the oceans continue to rise due to ice melt and and thermal expansion, many agree that no later than 2070, over 150 million residents will be exposed to coastal flooding with lost revenue exceeding $35 Trillion (USD) .

Many top engineers and climate experts also agree the Sahara Desert alone contains the holding capacity to absorb (one) meter + of sea expansion.

If the Sahara option (1) to absorb (one) meter + of sea expansion is not sufficient to neutralize planetary coastal flooding, we have option (2).  

Option 2;

If we remove the barriers to the deserts of Arabian, Australian, Chihuahuan, Kalahari, Mojave, Monte, Sonoran, and Thar, we can increase  the sea expansion capacity another (100)% to absorb a global ocean depth of 2 meters + that will reduce migration, recycle, clean, cool, and heal our planet naturally.

Planet Earth now has Two 100% Sink options - available to collectively reduce the devastating effects of social unrest and climate change!  

These lifesaving links relate to how the massive influence of hundreds of billions of tons of limestone found in our deserts will turn CO2 into bicarbonate and help reduce the ocean acidity destroying our coral reefs!

This alkalinity process efficiently stores carbon dioxide as long as the alkalinity  is not removed from the system.

           ( Reference -  5 )

     Limestone Offers a Cheap, Efficient Way to Capture Carbon ..-

           ( Reference -  6 )

     Capturing and Storing Carbon Dioxide in One Simple Step

                                               .          .  

                            Carbon Regulation Burden

Listed below are three examples of the many dedicated researchers who believe we must seriously recognize the role of fiscal responsibility if we are to effectively respond to our climate change dilemma. 

        ( Reference - 7 )

  Carbon regulation burden heaviest on poor, Stanford economist finds

         ( Reference - 8 )

   Impacts of Carbon Taxes on the U.S. Economy - Heritage Foundation

         ( Reference - 9 )

   Carbon Taxes- Reducing Economic Growth—Achieving No ..-


                                                 *          *

Yan Li, an ecologist at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Urumqi, and his fellow researchers found that a square meter of China's Tarim Basin in China's largest desert Taklamakan . . has the potential to absorb an annual amount of more than 20 grams of CO2 . . which is comparable to the same capacity absorbed by forest lands.

( Reference - 10 )

 in the journal Geophysical Research Letters

Research has concluded that all of our world's established forests together absorb 8.8 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide every year which is almost 40 per cent of the 38 billion tonnes of the carbon dioxide created by mankind every year.

( Reference - 11 )

World's forests absorb almost 40 per cent of man made CO2 - Telegraph

SNE (Siphonics Natural Engineering) is a global sink application using 9 hot deserts which has a combined total of 5,661, 000 square miles which is the equivalent of adding another 2%+ to the total surface of Planet Earth. This addition would be a new forest the size of Antarctica which is 5, 405,000 square miles.

SNE is the transfer System between the ocean sink which is already saturated with enough CO2 to turn many of our coral reefs white . . and the desert sink reservoirs which has the alkalinity and weather-ability factors to absorb and capture the CO2 and then evaporate pure and potable water back to the masses.

( Reference - 12 )

Research- Arid areas absorb unexpected amounts of carbon - WSU ..-

The above objectives may be accomplished without creating the financial instability that could happen as a result of a huge Carbon Tax Burden.

 

Who will take these actions?


Coastal Flooding;

As the oceans continue to rise due to ice melt and thermal expansion, many agree that no later than 2070, over 150 million residents will be exposed to coastal flooding with lost revenue exceeding $35 Trillion (USD).

Many top engineers and climate experts also agree the Sahara Desert alone contains the holding capacity to absorb (one) meter + of sea expansion.

                  ( Reference - 13 ) Big Gulp - Sahara . -

Today, like never before we need responsible and humanitarian governments, institutions, collations, consortiums, Non - Profit Organizations (NPOs), Non -Government Organizations (NGOs) and elite individuals concerned about Planet Earth to move us forward.

Where will these actions be taken?

To help balance massive migration and effectively neutralize sea expansion . . a global application would consist of nine deserts.

Arabian, 900,000 square miles

Australian, 529,000 square miles

Chihuahuan, 175,000 square miles

Kalahari, 200,000 square miles

Mojave, 25,000 square miles

Monte, 125,000 square miles

Sonoran, 120,000 square miles 

Thar, 77,000 square miles

and the Sahara, 3,500,000 square miles.

[A combined total of 5,651,000 square miles which is the equivalent of adding another 2% + to the total surface area of Planet Earth.]

If we will use the SNE planetary SINK applications . . we have a prudent opportunity to neutralize sea expansion, remove CO2 and ocean acidity, and create the humanitarian refugee havens we so desperately need to economically neutralize social unrest and climate change.      

These applications will recycle, clean, cool, and heal our planet naturally.

Please note; The above deserts and applications are flexible and subject to change upon more discovery.

What are other key benefits?

This proposal is specifically designed to responsibly reduce planetary coastal flooding and create safe zones for refugees due to social unrest and the devastating effects of climate change!



Those well versed in biblical scripture have noted the concept and solution goals of SNE are entwined and could possibly help usher in the ultimate solution for mankind found in Isaiah 35: 1 . . Even the wilderness and desert will rejoice in those days; the desert will blossom with flowers.

2 . . Yes, there will be an abundance of flowers and singing and joy! The deserts will become as green as the Lebanon mountains, as lovely as Mount Carmel's pastures and Sharon's meadows; for the Lord will display his glory there, the excellency of our God.

What are the proposal’s costs?


The success of this planetary solution is hinged on the skill sets of construction and projects management.

The economical and political objective, in non-hostile environments is to lease equipment and contract personnel.

Most deserts sometimes have sand &/or gravel, etc. one hundred feet before reaching a bottom to substantiate water flow.

These deserts also contain billions upon billions of tons of limestone calcite and calcium carbonate which reacts with water that is saturated with carbon dioxide to form a soluble calcium bicarbonate which is a safe and powerful global carbon sink.

This alkalinization process efficiently stores carbon dioxide as long as the alkalinity is not removed from the process.

 ( Reference - 14 ) 

Rock's power to mop up carbon revisited - Nature News & Comment

Specialized machines will re-arrange land mass formations until elevations and water volumes meet required specifications.

Two examples;

     ( Reference - 15 )

  Amphibious Machine - wilsonmarshequipment.com-

     ( Reference - 16 )

   Sand & gravel dredges-

These custom machines are designed to move in or out on their own footprints.

If hostile environments refuse to permit a timely removal of  barriers required to save the masses . . all contingencies,  including detonation, may have to be used as the only remaining option.

Time line

Research has concluded that all of our world's established forests together absorb 8.8 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide every year which is almost 40 per cent of the 38 billion tonnes of the carbon dioxide created by mankind every year.  


SNE (Siphonics Natural Engineering) is a global sink application using 9 deserts which has a combined total of 5,661,000 square miles which is the equivalent of adding another 2%+ to the surface of Planet Earth. THIS ADDITION WOULD BE A NEW FOREST THE SIZE OF ANTARCTICA WHICH IS 5,405,000 SQUARE MILES.

                                                      *          *

SNE is the innovation "KEY" specifically designed to effectively engage, interact, and utilize our global resources to Economically help neutralize global Migration, War, Terrorism, Inequality, and Climate issues!

                                                      *          *

Our world leaders have the responsibility and the power to remove those barriers which separates UN-EQUAL Water/Land Levels so that nature can repair and heal itself.

                                                      *          *

We have the planetary CONSTRUCTION SKILLS to create massive job growth to prudently move a fiscal and effective climate proposal forward with the potential to absorb, reshape, and provide the sustainability to save tens of millions of lives on Planet Earth. 

Plus

These objectives may be accomplished without creating the financial instability that could happen as a result of a huge Carbon Tax Burden.

                                                      *          *

If we move forward with strategic action, we have the opportunity to construct a global financial and humanitarian reprieve.

Related proposals


                               *         *          *          *

These two novel projects are specifically designed to help light our humanitarian pathways to a planetary reprieve. 

                               *         *         *          *

       ( Reference - 13 )        Big Gulp - Sahara . -

________________________________________________________

       ( Reference - 17 )        Saving Africa.org

_______________________________________________________

References

                      *         *          *          *          *         *          ________________________________________________________

( Reference - 1 ) 

Anxiety spikes among G-20, an analysis of UN speeches shows..-

( Reference - 2 )  

Bill Gates - Carbon tax not right for the US

( Reference - 3 ) 

Olivine weathering to capture CO2 and counter climate change by R.D. Schuiling

( Reference - 4 )  

 Enhanced Weathering

( Reference - 5 )

Limestone Offers a Cheap, Efficient Way to Capture Carbon ..-

( Reference - 6 )

Capturing and Storing Carbon Dioxide in One Simple Step

( Reference - 7 ) 

  Carbon regulation burden heaviest on poor, Stanford economist finds

( Reference - 8 ) 

 Impacts of Carbon Taxes on the U.S. Economy - Heritage Foundation

( Reference - 9 ) 

Carbon Taxes- Reducing Economic Growth—Achieving No ..-

( Reference - 10 )

in the journal Geophysical Research Letters

( Reference - 11 )

World's forests absorb almost 40 per cent of man made CO2 - Telegraph

( Reference - 12 )

Research- Arid areas absorb unexpected amounts of carbon - WSU ..-

( Reference - 13 ) 

   Big Gulp - Sahara . -

( Reference - 14 ) 

 Rock's power to mop up carbon revisited - Nature News & Comment  

( Reference - 15 ) 

 Amphibious Machine - wilsonmarshequipment.com

( Reference - 16 )

 Sand and & gravel dredges-

 ( Reference - 17 )

 Saving Africa.org

_______________________________________________________

                                  Additional References:

R.D. Schuiling -  Let the Earth help us to Save the Earth 

Seth Borenstein - Poll- Americans favor slightly higher bills to fight warming - APNORC.org

Olivine weathering to capture CO2 and counter climate change by R.D. Schuiling

Climate change and the olivine concept.

Hot Deserts of the World - MBGnet

Underground Desert Aquifers Could Hold Missing Carbon ..-

Desert aquifers may hold more carbon than all Earth's plants ..-

Satellites show world is running out of water - new NASA study

WATER IS LIFE IN AFRICA

Reversing Climate Change with Ocean-healing Seaweed Ecosystems

What Is the Cost of Climate Change- - Planet Experts

Ocean Resources Conservation and Adaptation (ORCA) Cities

Global Energy Transfer, Atmosphere, Climate

Seeking Humanitarian Pathways to help reduce the impact of climate change!

New Energy Outlook 2015 (NEO) - Bloomberg New Energy ..-

Thumbs up 1 supporters Support Proposal
Proposal Summary
. . Reducing the Impacts of 65 Million Refugees!
Team Proposal: Only members listed on the Proposal's Contributors tab will be able to edit this Proposal. Members can request to join the Proposal team on the Contributors tab. The Proposal owner can open this Proposal for anyone to edit using the Admin tab.  
By:  Johnnie Buttram
Contest: Anticipating Climate Hazards
How can vulnerable communities best prepare for climate-related hazards, and what new tools can be used to incentivize early action?